Biopolym. Cell. 2021; 37(5):369-378.
Biomedicine
Melatonin and fibroblast growth factor-2 potentiate the effects of human umbilical cord multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells in mice with cuprizone-induced demyelination
1Labunets I. F., 1Utko N. A., 1, 2Toporova O. K., 1Savosko S. I., 1, 2Pokholenko Ia., 1Panteleymonova T. N., 1Butenko G. M.
  1. State Institute of Genetic and Regenerative Medicine, NAMS of Ukraine
    67, Vyshhorodska Str., Kyiv, Ukraine, 04114
  2. Institute of Molecular Biology and Genetics, NAS of Ukraine
    150, Akademika Zabolotnoho Str., Kyiv, Ukraine, 03143

Abstract

Aim. To study the influence of melatonin and recombinant human fibroblast growth factor (rhFGF-2) on human umbilical cord multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (hMMSCs) effects at experimental demyelination. Methods. Adult mice were fed neurotoxin cuprizone for 3 weeks. hMMSCs (5x105 cells) were injected on the 10th day of cuprizone diet. Injections of melatonin or rhFGF-2 were started on the 11th day of cuprizone diet. We used cell culture, flow cytometric, spectrophotometric and histological methods, “open field” and “rotarod” tests. Results. Under the cuprizone influence the motor-, emotional activities and muscle tone decreased. The malondialdehyde (MDA) content in brain increased while the activity of antioxidant enzymes decreased. After injection of hMMSCs the number of crossed squares and grooming activity increased while MDA content decreased. Melatonin and rhFGF-2 injections enhanced the effect of cells on grooming activity and increased the glutathione reductase activity. Melatonin also increased the number of boluses, muscle tone and glutathione peroxidase activity. Conclusion. Melatonin and rhFGF-2 improve the effect of hMMSCs in cuprizone-treated mice. The effect of cells (MMSCs?) and melatonin combination is greater than that with rhFGF-2.
Keywords: cuprizone, MMSCs, melatonin, FGF-2, behavior, oxidative stress

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