Biopolym. Cell. 2001; 17(3):230-236.
Viruses and Cell
Epiphytoic model of the tomato spotted wilt vims infecting sunflower plants
1Boyko A. L., 1Knyazeva N. A., 1Kondratyuk H. A., 1Smirnova S. A.
  1. Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
    64, Volodymyrska Str., Kyiv, Ukraine, 01033

Abstract

A new epiphytotic model of the tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) has been offered. The ways of TSWV circulation in nature have been established. For the first time a possibility of the pathogene transmission by weeds, seed and pollen has been shown , which is significant for the appearance of the viral epiphytoty caused by TSWV and can be the source of its expansion. The methods of control of the seed viral infection of sunflower have been offered.

References

[1] Boyko AL, Litvinov GS, Senchugova YA. About sunflower diseases caused by viruses. Argicultural biology. 1985; 8:72-4.
[2] Boyko AL, Knyazev IA, Smirnova SA, Kondratyuk EA, Litvinov GS, Zakusilo AO. Diagnosis of viral diseases of sunflower. Coll. mes. Conf. "Microbiological and biotechnological bases intensification of crop and forage production". Alma-Ata, 1990;15.
[3] Boyko AL, Litvinov GS, Knyazeva NA. Diseases of sunflower caused by viruses in phytocenoses Ukrainian SSR. Proc. rep. scientific and practical. soveshch. "Virology - the national economy." Kiev: Publishing House of the KSU, 1987;11.
[4] Knyazeva YAA, Chaplyns'ka SM, Lytvynov GS, Boyko AL. Biological properties of virus isolates isolated from infected leaves of sunflower. Rep. mizhvidom. nauk. konf. "Health, learning and enrichment plant world. K.: Lybid, 1990;17: 87-92.
[5] Goldbach R, Kormelink R, van Polwijk Wijkamp, Prins M, Peters D. Expression of the genome of tomato spotted wilt virus, a bynya virus invading the plant Kingdom. IX-th Int. Congr. Virol. Glasgow, 1993:7.
[6] Weakley BS. Beginner's Handbook in Biological Electron Microscopy. Churchill Livingstone, 1972 ; 228 p
[7] Clark MF, Adams AN. Characteristics of the microplate method of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the detection of plant viruses. J Gen Virol. 1977;34(3):475-83.
[8] Ouchterlony ?. Diffusion-in-gel methods for immunological analysis. Progr. Allergy. 1948; 5: 1-78.
[9] Brenner S, Horne RW. A negative staining method for high resolution electron microscopy of viruses. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1959;34:103-10.
[10] Protsenko AE. [Use of electron microscopy in determining the titer of phytopathogenic viruses]. Mikrobiologiia. 1961;30:722-4.
[11] Kleinschmidt AK, Dunnebacke TH, Spendlove RS, Schaffer FL, Whitcomb RF. Electron microscopy of rna from reovirus and wound tumor virus. J Mol Biol. 1964;10:282-8.
[12] Zakusilo AO, Didenko LF, Kniazieva NA, Boĭko AL. [Isolation and purification of virus damaging sunflower]. Ukr Biokhim Zh. 1994;66(5):87-92.
[13] Zakusilo A, Knyaseva N, Didenko L, Boyko A. Identification of an ukrainian virus isolate from Helianthus annuus L. with yellow spot mosaic symptoms. Archives Of Phytopathology And Plant Protection. 1994;29(1):13–9.
[14] Knyazeva NA, Zakusilo AO, Didenko LF, Boyko AL. Some properties of the virus isolated from sunflower. Biopolym Cell. 1996; 12(5):72-8.
[15] Knyazeva NA, Boyko AL, Smirnova SO. Rezervatory virus brazen tomatoes in agrocenoses. Tov "Intern. fin. agency. "Kyiv, 1998; 30 p.
[16] Butsevich LA. Infection apical chlorosis of tobacco: Auth Thesis. ... kand biol nauk. Kiev, 1955. 12 p.
[17] Sukhov KS, Razvyazkina GM. Biology of viruses and viral plant diseases. M.: Sov. Nuka, 1955; 227 p.
[18] Grushevoy SE. Viral diseases and tobacco control measures. Viral diseases of crops and their control measures. M, 1960; 127-35.
[19] Goncharova MYa. Harsh Bronze tomatoes on tobacco in the western regions of the USSR: Auth Thesis. ... kand s-h nauk. Kiev, 1963; 20 p.
[20] Asatryan EV. Bronze tobacco in Armenia and the development of measures to combat them: Auth Thesis.. ... kand biol nauk. Yerevan, 1965. 20 p.
[21] Strelyaet YaI. Bronze tomatoes on tobacco in the Crimean region and the response to it. Auth Thesis.. ... kand biol nauk. Yerevan, 1973; 20 p.
[22] Vlasov YuI. Patterns of development of viral epiphytoties. Nauch Tr. Vashnil. M.: Kolos, 1974; 159 p.
[23] Besedina VA. Bronze tomatoes in the foothills of the Krasnodar Territory. Nauch-Tekh Bull. VNII Rast. 1986;(162): 5-6.
[24] Razvyazkina GM. Figuring reservations apical chlorosis virus. Tabak. 1953;14(5):46-8.
[25] Grushevoy SE, Sigal LA. Tobacco viral disease in the western regions of Ukraine. Tabak. 1955; 16(1):18-9.
[26] Valasov YuI. Prevention of viral plant diseases. L.: Kolos, 1967; 92 p.
[27] Moldavan MYa. Tabak. Chisinau: Shtiintsa, 1973;159-65.
[28] Tkach MT, Grosu AP. Protection of tobacco from pests and diseases. Chisinau: Map Moldovenyaska, 1987;153 p.
[29] Best RJ. Tomato spotted wilt virus. Adv Virus Res. 1968;13:65-146.
[30] Bond WP, Whitam HK, Black LL. Indigenous weeds as reservoirs of tomato spotted wilt virus in Louisiana (Abstr.). Phytopathology. 1983; 73:499.
[31] Marchoux G, G?br?-selassie K, Villevieille M. Detection of tomato spotted wilt virus and transmission by Frankliniella occidentalis in France. Plant Pathol. 1991;40(3):347–51.
[32] Johnson RR, Black LL, Hobbs HA, Valverde RA, Story RN, Bond WP. Association of Frankliniella fusca and three winter weeds with tomato spotted wilt virus in Louisiana. Plant Dis. 1995;79(6):572-6.
[33] Smith KM. A textbook of plant virus diseases, London, Churchill, 1957
[34] Francki RIB, Hatta T. Tomato spotted wilt virus. Handbook of Plant virus infections comparative diagnosis, Ed. Kurstak. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1981. 943 p.
[35] Ieh SD, Lin Y-H, Lin G, Cheng GH, Yih CL, Chen CC. Identification of tomato spotted wilt-like virus on watermelon in Taiwan. Plant Dis. 1992;76(8):835-40.
[36] Vaira AM, Roggero P, Luisoni E, Masenga V, Milne RG, Lisa V. Characterization of two Tospoviruses in Italy: tomato spotted wilt and impatiens necrotic spot. Plant Pathol. 1993;42(4):530–42.
[37] Litvinov GS, Knyazeva NA, Kondratyuk EA, Smirnova SA, Polischuk VP, Boyko AL. Virological aspects of biotechnology accelerated receipt of high-yielding varieties and hybrids of sunflower. Tr. 5th All-Union. Interuniversity Conf. "Cell Biology". Tbilisi, 1987. Vol 2: 669-70.
[38] Jorda C. El virus del brohceado del tomate (TSWV): un enemiso de nuestrag cultivos. Actual sanid veg. 1992; 2(4):21-3.
[39] Antignus Y, Gera A, Perlsman M. Tomato spotted wilt a new disease of flowers and vegetables in Israel. Phytoparasitica. 1994; 22(1):86-7.
[40] Zink FW, Grogen RG, Welch JE. The effect of the percentage of seed transmission upon subsequent spread of lettuce mosaic virus. Phytopathology. 1956; 46:662-4.
[41] Knyazeva NA, Boyko AL, Smirnova SO. Sunflower Seed virus infection and methods of diagnosis. K.: Znannya , 1999; 93 p.
[42] Fagbenle HH, Ford RE. Tobacco streak virus isolated from soybeans, Glycine max. Phytopathology. 1970; 60(5):814-20.
[43] Giri BK, Mishra MD. Effect of tomato mosaic causing viruses on pollen viability and yield of tomatoes. Ind Phytopathol. 1990; 43(4):487-90.
[44] Boyko AL, Knyazeva YaA, Kondratyuk EA et al. Guidelines for detection of viral infection in sunflower seeds and healthy pre-heat treatment. Krasnodar, 1991; 20 p.
[45] Boyko AL., Knyazeva YaA, Kondratyuk OA, Litvinov GS, Kyntya LK. Effect of steroid glycosides in expression of viral infection sunflower seed transmitted. Rep. mizhvid. Science. Coll. "Health, study and enrichment plant world. K.: Lybid, 1990; Iss. 17;85-7.
[46] Knyazeva NA, Boyko AL, Zakusilo AO, Postoyenko OM, Kosyan AM. Phytosanitary control of industrial sunflower plantations for presence of virus infections. Biopolym Cell. 1995; 11(6):81-8.
[47] Knyazeva NA, Boyko AL, Kondratyuk OA, Smirnova SO, Postoenko OA, Sviridovska LV. Phytopathological expertise sunflower seeds for visual signs of virus. Visn. Kyiv Univ Im Tarasa Shevchenka (Biol). 2000;(31):63-5.
[48] Boyko AL, Knyazeva NA, Litvinov GS, Kondratyuk OA, Smirnova SA, Romashev SA. Recommendations on how to assess promising varieties and hybrids of sunflower resistance to viruses. Krasnodar, 1990; 25 p.
[49] Knyazeva NA, Kondratyuk OA, Smirnova SA, Litvinov GS, Boyko AL. Viroses sunflower agrocenoses south of the Ukrainian SSR. SB. Tr. "Probl. Society. and molecular. Biology ". K.: Vysha SHkola, 1989; 87-90.
[50] Bojnansky V. Virusove choroby rastlin. Bratislava, 1963;37 p.
[51] Chod J, Skaloud V, Jokez M. N?lez Y viru bramboru v souvislosti s pr??znaky mozaiky slune?nice. Ochr roztl. 1990; 26(1):11-6.
[52] Johansen E, Edwards MC, Hampton RO. Seed transmission of viruses: current perspectives. Annu Rev Phytopathol. 1994;32(1):363–86.