Biopolym. Cell. 2019; 35(3):243-243.
Chronicle and Information
Lysine methyltransferase SETDB1 and regulation of the three-dimensional organization of the genome during lung cancer progression
1Zakharova V., 1Tellier G., 1Del Maestro L., 1Joliot V., 1Ait-Si-Ali S.
  1. CNRS UMR7216 "Epigénétique et Destin Cellulaire" Université Paris
    Diderot Paris 7


SETDB1 histone H3 lysine 9 (H3K9) methyltransferase (KMT) is known to be involved in tumorigenesis; however, the exact mechanisms of this involvement remain mainly unknown. SETDB1 regulates chromosomal conformation (Jiang et al., 2017); we recently found that SETDB1 interacts and could methylate members of the Cohesin complex. CTCF and Cohesin complex delimit Topologically Associated Domains (TADs) through direct binding at TAD boundaries. CTCF binding to chromatin is inhibited by H3K9 - and DNA- methylation. H3K9 trimethylation (H3K9me3) is a marker of metastasis in lung cancer patients, where SETDB1 gene is amplified. SETDB1 overexpression was associated with elevated cell growth and invasiveness of lung cancer cells (Rodriguez-Paredes et al., 2014). On the other hand, SETDB1 could act as a metastasis suppressor strongly downregulated in highly metastatic lung cancer cells. Aim: Here, we address the role of SETDB1 in the regulation of 3D genome architecture and gene expression patterns in an epithelial lung cancer cell line with different expression levels of SETDB1 (normal, low or high). Results: We found that SETDB1 regulates the epithelial-mesenchymal transition that is a crucial in cancer progression and metastasis. We plan to perform CTCF, SETDB1 and H3K9me3 ChIP-Seq assays combined with Bis-Seq to study DNA methylation at the CTCF binding sites in our cellular models. We will next correlate Hi-C maps with the defined epigenetic landscape. Conclusions: We expect that SETDB1 interacts with the Cohesin complex and affects CTCF occupancy at TAD boundaries, impacting 3D genome architecture and gene expression during during cancer progression.