Biopolym. Cell. 1986; 2(1):45-49.
Viruses and Cell
Structure of cyanophages AS-1L, AS-1K and S-8K
- Institute of Microbiology and Virology, Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR
Structural characteristics of two strains of cyanophage AS-1, AS-1L and AS-1K, and of cyanophage S-8K are presented; these cyanophages have the same host range, but differ in their one-step growth cycle and serological relationships. S-8K has an octahedral head, AS-1L and AS-1 K an icosahedral one. All the three cyanophages have a long, contractile tail. The size and arrangement of the head capsomeres are determined; the sheath structure of these cyanophages is supposed to be similar with that of bacteriophage T4. Schematic models are given for the structure of the cyanophages. Cyanophages AS-IL, AS-1K and S-8K belong to the family Myoviridae of the genus Cyanomyovirus.
 Eiserling F.A. Bacteriophage structure. Comprehensive Virology. 1979;13:543-80.
 Luftig R, Haselkorn R. Studies on the structure of blue-green algae virus LPP-1. Virology. 1968;34(4):664-74.
 Adolph KW, Haselkorn R. Comparison of the structures of blue-green algal viruses LPP-1M and LPP-2 and bacteriophage T7. Virology. 1972;47(3):701-10.
 Mendzhul MI, Zhigir VV. Electron microscopic study of the structure of the caudal process of the virus LPP-1 isolate. Mikrobiol Zh. 1971;33(4):460-5.
 Mendzhul MI, Lisenko TG, Bobrovnik SP, Sagun TS, Nesterova NV. Detection of the blue-green algae virus with octahedral type of symmetry. Mikrobiol Zh. 1975;37(6):713-7.
 Safferman RS, Diener TO, Desjardins PR, Morris ME. Isolation and characterization of AS-1, a phycovirus infecting the blue-green algae, Anacystis nidulans and Synechococcus cedrorum. Virology. 1972;47(1):105-13.
 Gorjusin VA, Stenz E, Averkiev AA. AS-1L - a newly discovered strain of Cyanophage AS-1 in GDR. Z Allg Mikrobiol. 1982;22(3):205-9.
 Goryushin VA, Shainskaya OA. Isolation and characterization of a strain of the cyanophage AS-1 : AS-1K. Mikrobiol Zh. 1984; 46(1):70-6.
 Goryushin VA, Averkiev AA. Cyanophage S-8K: a new unicellular cyanobacteria virus. Doklady Akad Nauk Ukr SSR. Ser B. 1982; (8):63-6.
 Stanier RY, Kunisawa R, Mandel M, Cohen-Bazire G. Purification and properties of unicellular blue-green algae (order Chroococcales). Bacteriol Rev. 1971;35(2):171-205.
 Hosaka Y. A criterion for evaluating the number of capsomeres of icosahedral capsids. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1965;104(1):261-73.
 Vaynshteyn BK, Kiselev NA. The structure of viruses. Virology and Immunology. Moscow, Nauka. 1964; 7-48.
 Moody MF. Structure of the sheath of bacteriophage T4. II. Rearrangement of the sheath subunits during contraction. J Mol Biol. 1967;25(2):201-8.
 Parker ML, Eiserling FA. Bacteriophage SPO1 structure and morphogenesis. I. Tail structure and length regulation. J Virol. 1983;46(1):239-49.
 Moody MF. Structure of the sheath of bacteriophage T4. I. Structure of the contracted sheath and polysheath. J Mol Biol. 1967;25(2):167-200.
 Sherman LA, Brown RM. Cyanophages and Viruses of Eukaryotic Algae. Compreh Virol. 1978; 12:145-234.
 Desjardins P. R., Safferman R. Barkley M. B. Further studies on the structure of the phycovirus, AS-1, and its adsorption to host cells. 2nd Int. Congr. Plant Pathol.: Abstracts. Minneapolis, 1973:81.
 Safferman RS, Cannon RE, Desjardins PR, Gromov BV, Haselkorn R, Sherman LA, Shilo M. Classification and nomenclature of viruses of cyanobacteria. Intervirology. 1983;19(2):61-6.