Biopolym. Cell. 2015; 31(1):72-79.
Методы
Топокариотипирование – принцип нового подхода к изучению ядерной организации
1Джурисик А., 1Робан К., 1Огрызько В.
  1. Институт Густава Руси
    ул. Эдуарда Вальян, 114, Вильжюиф, Франция, 94805

Abstract

Позиция генов в ядре критична для их функционирования и стабильности генома, в нормальных и патологических состояниях клетки. Мы предлагаем новый принцип анализа организации хроматина на ядерном уровне в индивидуальых клетках, называемый Топокариотипирование. Он основан на совместной экспрессии в клетках (i) Биотин лигазы BirA локализованной в конкретном ядерном домене (за счет ее фузирования (слияния) с белком-маркером этого домена) и (ii) гистонового гена слитого с BAP доменом (пептидом-акцептором биотина). Мечение клеток биотином и их последующая отмывка, за которой следуют (i) создание препаратов метафазных хромосом, (ii) детектирование биотиновой метки на хромосомах и (iii) кариотипирование с целью идентификации хромосом – должны предоставить информацию об ассоциации данного хромосомного региона с исследуемым ядерным доменом. Мы обсуждаем потенциальные достоинства предлагаемого метода с другими подходами к изучению топологии генома в клеточном ядре.
Keywords: хроматин, анализ отдельных клеток, биотинилирование, ядро, топология генома, эпигенетика

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