Biopolym. Cell. 2005; 21(2):107-133.
Обзоры
Генетический и эпигенетический контроль роста и развития растений. Гены биосинтеза ауксинов и ауксин-регулируемые гены, контролирующие деление и растяжение клеток растений
1Цыганкова В. А., 1Галкина Л. А., 2Мусатенко Л. И., 2Сытник К. М.
  1. Институт биоорганической химии и нефтехимии НАН Украины
    ул. Мурманская, 1, Киев, Украина, 02094
  2. Институт ботаники им. Н. Г. Холодного НАН Украины
    ул. Терещенковская, 2, Киев, Украина, 01601

Abstract

Рассмотрен спектр генов, детерминирующих различные пути биосинтеза индолил-3-уксусной кислоты (ИУК), идентифицированных у Arabidopsis: TRP1 гена антранилатфосфорибозилтрансферазы 1, TRP3 гена триптофансинтетазы и семейства NIT генов нитрилаз, катализирующих триптофан-независимый путь биосинтеза ИУК из предшественника индол-3-ацетонитрила; CYP79B и CYP83B1 генов (членов семейства генов цитохромов Р450), контролирующих биосин­тез ИУК из триптофана; генов ферментов, катализирующих биосинтез ИУК из индолил-3-масляной кислоты: РХА1 и РЕХ14 генов пероксисомных мембранных белков – членов семейства ABC-ATРаз, РЕХ5 и РЕХ7 генов цитоплазматических белков-рецепторов, генов пероксисомных матриксных белков-ферментов (асхЗ гена ацил-СоА оксидазы, aiml гена многофункционального белка и ped1 гена тиолазы); генов ферментов, катализирующих образование конъюгатов ИУК и их гидролиз: генов IAGLc синтетазы, lAInos трансферазы, серинкарбоксипептидаз-подобной lAInos ацилтрансферазы и IAR3 гена ИУК-Ала гидролазы. Представлены номенклатура и классификация ауксин-регулируемых генов, ответственных за клеточное деление: генов циклинов и циклинзависимых протеинкиназ, а также генов многочисленного семейства митоген-активируемых протеинкиназ. Подробно рассмотрены ауксин-регулируемые гены ферментов, участвующих в биосинтезе и гидролизе полисахаридных компонентов стенок клеток растений в период их роста растяжением: El ген эндо-1,3:1,4-β-D-глюканазы и ЕХОII ген экзо-β-D-глюканазы, много­ численные семейства ХЕТ генов ксилоглюкановых эндотрансгликозилаз, ZeEXP генов экспансинов, AtFUT генов ксилоглюкан-специфических β-1,6- и β-1,2-фукозилтрансфераз и гликозилтрансфераз, CSL генов ксилоглюкановых глюкансинтетаз и β-1,4-маннансинтетаз, MUR генов ксилоглюкано­вых галактозилтрансфераз, а также AtXTl ген и гомологичные AtGT2-7 гены ксилоглюкановых ксилозилтрансфераз у Arabidopsis; XS1 ген ксилансинтетазы у риса и GS1 ген глюкансинтетазы у кукурузы. Обсуждается роль структурного белка клеточной стенки — экстенсина (кодируемого ауксин-регулируемым HRGP геном) в защите растений от патогенов и неблагоприятных факторов внешней среды
Keywords: гены биосинтеза индолил-3-уксусной кислоты (ИУК), ауксин-регулируемые гены, деление и растяжение клеток растений

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